|Title||Breakthrough in Xenon Capture and Purification Using Adsorbent-Supported Silver Nanoparticles|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Deliere L, Coasne BA, Topin S, Gréau C, Moulin C, Farrusseng D|
|Journal||Chemistry - A European Journal|
Rare gas capture and purification is a major challenge for energy, environment, and health applications. Of utmost importance for the nuclear industry, novel separation processes for Xe are urgently needed for spent nuclear fuel reprocessing and nuclear activity monitoring. The recovered, non-radioactive Xe is also of high economic value for lighting, surgical anesthetic, etc. Here, using adsorption and breakthrough experiments and statistical mechanics molecular simulation, we show the outstanding performance of zeolite-supported silver nanoparticles to capture/separate Xe at low concentrations (0.087-100 ppm). We also establish the efficiency of temperature swing adsorption based on such adsorbents for Xe separation from Kr/Xe mixtures and air streams corresponding to off-gases generated by nuclear reprocessing. This study paves the way for the development of novel, cost-efficient technologies relying on the large selectivity/capacity of adsorbent-supported silver nanoparticles which surpass all materials ever tested.
|Short Title||Chem. Eur. J.|