|Title||Mechanistic Approach to Pavement-Vehicle Interaction and Its Impact on Life-Cycle Assessment|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Akbarian M, Moeini-Ardakani S, Ulm F-J, Nazzal M|
|Journal||Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board|
|Pagination||171 - 179|
The accuracy and the comprehensiveness of any pavement life-cycle assessment are limited by the ability of the supporting science to quantify the environmental impact. Pavement-vehicle interaction represents a significant knowledge gap that has important implications for many pavement life-cycle assessment studies. In the current study, the authors assumed that a mechanistic model that linked pavement structure and properties to fuel consumption could contribute to closing the uncertainty gap of pavement-vehicle interaction in life-cycle assessment of pavements. The simplest mechanistic pavement model, a Bernoulli-Euler beam on a viscoelastic foundation subjected to a moving load, was considered. Wave propagation properties derived from falling weight deflectometer time history data of FHWA's Long-Term Pavement Performance program were used to calibrate top-layer and substrate moduli for various asphalt and concrete systems. The model was validated against recorded deflection data. The mechanistic response was used to determine gradient force and rolling resistance to link deflection to vehicle fuel consumption. A comparison with independent field data provided realistic order-of-magnitude estimates of fuel consumption related to pavement-vehicle interaction as predicted by the model.
|Short Title||Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board|