|Title||Yield stress materials in soft condensed matter|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Bonn D, Denn MM, Berthier L, Divoux T, Manneville S|
|Journal||Reviews of Modern Physics|
|Pagination||Article Number: 035005|
A comprehensive review is presented of the physical behavior of yield stress materials in soft condensed matter, which encompasses a broad range of materials from colloidal assemblies and gels to emulsions and non-Brownian suspensions. All these disordered materials display a nonlinear flow behavior in response to external mechanical forces due to the existence of a finite force threshold for flow to occur: the yield stress. Both the physical origin and rheological consequences associated with this nonlinear behavior are discussed and an overview is given of experimental techniques available to measure the yield stress. Recent progress is discussed concerning a microscopic theoretical description of the flow dynamics of yield stress materials, emphasizing, in particular, the role played by relaxation time scales, the interplay between shear flow and aging behavior, the existence of inhomogeneous shear flows and shear bands, wall slip, and nonlocal effects in confined geometries.
|Short Title||Rev. Mod. Phys.|